Saturday, May 23, 2020
Are western management concepts (like HRD) applicable worldwide? Ã¢â¬Å"Every aspect of a firms activities is determined by the competence, motivation and general effectiveness of its human organization. Of all the tasks of management, managing the human component is the most important task because all else depends upon how well it is done.Ã¢â¬ (Likert 1967). Although this quote has already over 40 years of age, the core statement has not changed in any way. Still, managers have to focus on the people working in their companies, need to take differences among them into account and especially when it comes to managing in various countries, cultural, natural and unavoidable differences have to be taken into consideration ( Hofstede 1987). RegardingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦First of all, Hofstede (1987) explains his idea of the four dimensions that show the main and dominant value patterns that exist among 50 countries worldwide: 1.Individualism vs. Collectivism, 2. Large vs. small power Distance, 3. Strong vs. weak Uncertainty Avoidance and 4 . Masculinity vs. Femininity. Each dimension is Ã¢â¬Å"related to some very fundamental issues in human societies, but issues to which societies can produce different answersÃ¢â¬ (Hofstede 1987, p.12). This sentence makes it already clear, that whatever is related and connected to those dimensions can be seen in a different way depending on what kind of society you are looking at. In his studies he lays his focus on differences between the US, the Dutch and the South East Asian, particularly Indonesian, dimensions and to what extend the term HRD differs because of those dissimilarities. Hofstede (1987) demonstrates very well that each of the mentioned countries differs a lot when it comes to the four dimensions. Whereas South East Asia is living in a world of Collectivism and has a large Power Distance, the US and the Netherlands are more individualistic and have a small Power Distance. Masculinity in the US is very high where in Indonesia there is a good balance of Masculinity an d Femininity (Hofstede 1987). You see that there are existing dissimilarities among the dimensions and if we now take into accountShow MoreRelatedStudy on Customer Service Quality and Customer Satisfaction at Credit Card in the Context of Prime Bank LimitedÃ¢â¬ 12516 Words Ã |Ã 51 PagesMohakhali Branch, Dhaka for their nice co-operation. I would also like to express my appreciation to the people who have helped all through the internship work. Above all, this report is a combined effort of my sincerity, efficiency and determination. However, I hope that this course as well as this work experience will help me to build my career in a successful and precise way in this arena. And finally I like to say that I have tried heart and soul to prepare this report accuratelyRead MoreOverview of Hrm93778 Words Ã |Ã 376 PagesHuman Resource Management (MGT501) VU MGT - 501 T his subject/course is designed to teach the basic principles of Human Resource Management (HRM) to diverse audience/students, including those who are studying this as a supporting subject for their bachelor degree program. This course is designed to provide you the foundations of HRM whether you intend to work in HRM or not, most of these elements will affect you at some point in your career. Either you will be working with some organizationsRead MoreIntroduction of Sahara India Pariwar16656 Words Ã |Ã 67 Pagesfocus on ensuring community fund mobilization through mass marketing, apart from Subroto s personal obvious drifts towards political power plays. A definitely strong strategic move on his part was to later on invest in diversified business spaces like airlines and media channels. But with recent news about Air Sahara being sold to Jet Airways of Naresh Goyal, and of many of his media channels undergoing mass retrenchment, the focus is back on the next strategic move of the Chief Managing WorkerRead MoreEthics of Information Communication Technology (Ict)27618 Words Ã |Ã 111 Pagesdispensing their duties ICT professionals must demonstrate their best practices and standards as set by professional bodies for quality assurance. 1.4 UNESCOÃ¢â¬â¢s Info-Ethics Programme The development of digital technologies and their application in worldwide information networks are opening vast new opportunities for efficient access to and use of information by all societies. All nations can fully benefit from these opportunities on the condition that they meet the challenges posed by these informationRead MoreHuman Resources Management150900 Words Ã |Ã 604 PagesChanging Nature of Human Resource Management After you have read this chapter, you should be able to: Ã¢â" Identify four major HR challenges currently facing organizations and managers. List and define each of the seven major categories of HR activities. Identify the three different roles of HR management. Discuss the three dimensions associated with HR management as a strategic business contributor. Explain why HR professionals and operating managers must view HR management as an interface. Discuss whyRead MoreNational Bank Essay19811 Words Ã |Ã 80 Pagesimplementation of various policies and promises made by the Government. National Bank Limited plays a pioneering role in handling foreign trade and foreign exchange transactions. With wide network of branches at home and a large number of correspondent banks worldwide, it is handling the largest volume of export-import business including homebound remittances. For this reason, Foreign Exchange of the Bank is very much essential. But now a dayÃ¢â¬â¢s banking sector of Bangladesh is suffering the disease of default culture
Monday, May 11, 2020
Personal Writing - Mistake He sat there, eyes locked onto the screen. It cast an eerie glow onto his face, the only source of light in the otherwise dark room. His eyes never moving, he ran his fingers over the keys, hammering them clumsily. The long day at school had taken its toll on him. No one understood him. It filled him with a burning hate. His fellow students avoided him as if he had some sort of hideous abnormality. The teachers picked on him just because he did things differently. Accusing him of cheating, of plagiarism, of copying that woman, his maths teacher had kept him in an hour after school. Upon arriving home he had wisely to go quickly to his room, avoiding contact with hisÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After all, its good to spend time with your friend. His blue clock with roman numerals sat on the wall, and on his wrist loosely fastened, lay his leather strapped watch. Both ticked menacingly, both swallowed his precious time, both opposed him. As his fingers moved he recalled how he had found this line of work. A single post on a digital bulletin board that read Make big money by providing a service!. The money had drawn his eyes towards it, and he had read the post with great interest. It had contained a link to an underground site that briefly outlined: how it would be done; how employers could be found; and most importantly, the pay. In small black writing at the bottom had been a small reminder of the risks. He hardly even gave it a second glance. He had found himself the necessary tools and underground sources, and had taught himself slowly how to do it smoothly. He had started off small at first. Three figured fees had slowly become four figured. These in turn became five figured. He thought of what he did and the word used to describe it. Hacking. What a harsh word he thought. People who didnt understand it thought of it as a bad thing. He thought of it for what it was. An art. Images, text, password screens all a blur to him, flew across the screen as he typed. It was easy for him. As he watched the blur that was his fingers, heShow MoreRelatedPersonal Experience: English Composition Course622 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Focusing in self- evaluation to improve the learning process, help me to set goals and be aware of my own mistakes. When the English Composition course started, I wanted to be able to express my thoughts and my ideas in an effective way. The continuation of my education was very difficult, and I began to doubt myself when faced with the first couple of weeks. My first assignment was my most difficult assignment, and I found myself having trouble sticking to a thesis, because I had so manyRead MoreStrengths and Weaknesses Essay844 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswritten reflections on my writing and participated in group activities. I have received comments back from my peers and suggestions to help with revising my paper. With the help of my professor, Professor Church and my classmates, I was able to comprehend their suggestions to me to make my essay better and by revising my classmateÃ¢â¬â¢s essays, I was able to point out mistakes that I might have made in my essay, which mad e myself go back to my essay and check and see if I had mistakes that just flew by myRead MoreReflection Paper About English Composition930 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEnglish Composition I has developed my style of writing and my skills analyzing and researching topics to write a piece about a topic. Throughout the course, I got better at analyzing articles and pieces to get the meaning of the topic. With that improved skill I was more able to use the information given from the text and install it into my essays, with proper citation if needed. Before taking the English Composition course, I was not one to organize my essays in an ordeal order to clearly stateRead MoreThe Effects Of Texting On Teens And Their Writing886 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn recent discussion of, Ã¢â¬Å"Does Texting Affects WritingÃ¢â¬ by Michaela Cullington, one view is that texting has a negative impact on teens and their writing. Cullington shows both sides of what students, teachers, and professors have to say about the issue of texting; yet after research this belief may not prove to be true. Then she writes about personal experience regarding the issue. Ã Ã Ã Text has become one of the most common ways teenagers communicate with others. This led to many people believingRead MoreEssay On Freelance Writing826 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFreelance Writing Mistakes That Could Ruin Your Career Freelance writing is certainly a lucrative venture if youÃ¢â¬â¢re looking for a side hustle to supplement your income. In fact, if you play your cards right, freelance writing could be your main and best source of income. However, most online writers end up making unavoidable mistakes that destroy their freelancing careers long before theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve had a chance to grow. There are, of course, hundreds of mistakes you could potentially make, but this articleRead MorePersonal Reflection1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis past semester was a successful one, where I learned a lot about proper writing. I came into the course with a basic understanding of writing academic papers, and left with a good understanding. Throughout the course I became better prepared to meet General Education Student Outlines, and it was evident while revising my first project, the personal narrative. The first objective was Ã¢â¬Å"Students will identify and apply multiple approaches to the study of language, usage, grammar, diction, and styleRead MoreMy Strengths And Weaknesses Of Writing823 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIt is important that students are aware of writing errors such as grammar, spelling, punctuation and avoid plagiarism. Masters level writing is different than other forms of writing and students must be able to address to an academic audience. APA formatting is also necessary for all assignments whether writing papers or submitting power point presentations. I will provide a summary of all feedback received from my instructor in Weeks one, two, and four from my individual assignments. I will presentRead MoreIelts Writing1096 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIELTS writing - the editing process [pic] Sunday, June 14, 2009 Posted by Dominic Cole [pic][pic][pic] Writing for IELTS is quite different from academic writing for at least one very good reason: timing. In IELTS you only have 60 minutes to produce two pieces of writing, there are no second chances and it isnt practical to draft and redraft. However, in IELTS you still need to find time to check your writing and edit it for mistakes. Here are some very practical suggestions on how to go aboutRead MoreThe Transition into College Writing by Keith Hjorshoj713 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAnnotated Table of Contents Essay 1 was about a Mission Statement that I had to write for myself something personal which explains something that is truthful and explains who and what I am and what I am strving to achieve when searching my name Ã¢â¬Å"Brian MamuyacÃ¢â¬ . What I did to prepare for this assignment was that our instructor gave us the prompt ahead of time and I created a rough draft and when we had to meet up in the computer room I just had to type up my essay and turn it in. The challengingRead MoreAnalysis Of Mcewan s Atonement By Ian Mcewan1090 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhen it comes to the personal, uncontrollable misfortunes in life, there seems to be two main ways to handle it: either ignore it, or face it then and there. Ian McEwanÃ¢â¬â¢s Atonement is a prime example of this struggle in dealing with traumatic situations. In Paper One, I stated that McEwan suggests the best way to deal with lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s traumas is to face them head on rather than to completely ignore them. McEwan shows this through the mistakes Briony makes as her innocence misguides her into a divided
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Question 3: People committed crime because of many reasons. From your own point of view, give three (3) reasons why people commit crimes? A crime is an illegal action or activity for which a person can be punished by law. Some people define crime as an act of offence towards the morality of humans. We will write a custom essay sample on People committed crime because of many reasons or any similar topic only for you Order Now Others might regard crime as an act that harms the universal human rights. Therefore, why do people still commit crimes? There are many reasons why people commit crimes. Some crimes were committed because of hunger, need money, hatred and anger. Meanwhile, the example of crime is robbed, kidnap, burglary, steal and other. The most serious crime is killing another person although their beloved one or their family. Crime is not known about the love and sympathy towards the victim. The first reason is people commit crimes because of their hunger. They steal the food from stall and also from market to fulfill their stomach. This is because they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have enough money to buy it. And also the price of food is expensive. For example, the price for one piece of chicken is RM2. 50. The price had burden for certain people. So, they commit to do crimes as their stomach full and not hunger again. Usually, a poor parents steal the food for their children to make them silent crying from hunger. Move on to the next point, the other reason why people commit crimes because of the money. All people need money for survive their life. Nowadays, people just only see who only had money and they will ignore about the people that under privileged. Otherwise, people need money because they want to pay the debt. Also they need in fast time and donÃ¢â¬â¢t know where to get it. So, they will rob at the bank and the luxurious house. Sometimes, it can be a serious crime when they kill the owner of a house or the employee at the bank. They do not care about the victim as they get the money. Moreover, the drugs addict that kill their blood family for buy drug. Last but not least, people commit crimes because of their anger and hatred. It also can be called as their selfish reason. This happen when the one person doing something out of control to other person. For example, the current issues at school like bullying. So, the bullying victim will revenge to the person that had bullying him/her. This may make serious crime like killing someone or beat their organ until paralyzed for the rest of life. As a conclusion, people commit crime because of their self. They need to control their emotion and know what they do is a wrong way and not good for their next generation. In addition, it gives bad influence and the crimes cannot be banned again. So, the government must play their best role to give the punishment to the criminal like a death penalty for the drugs addict and serious crimes. The reason why people commit crime because of their hunger, need money, anger and hatred can be solve if each of people give the best commitment and not to selfish. (505 words) How to cite People committed crime because of many reasons, Essay examples
Thursday, April 30, 2020
Willie, The Angelic Child Monologue Essay A monologue by Walter Ben Hare NOTE: This monologue is reprinted from Readings and Monologues A La Mode. Walter Ben Hare. Minneapolis: T.S. Denison Co., 1921. Good afternoon, Mrs. Boyer. How do you do, ladies! Isn\t it a lovely day. I saw some cars out in front, Mrs. Boyer, and I thought Willie and I would just drop over and spend the afternoon with you. Willie is so fond of company. Say How do you do to the ladies, Willie. No, no, now, mamma\s baby mustn\t be so bashful. Speak up like a little man and say How do you do! No, you can\t have a piece of cake. The very idea. Mrs. Boyer isn\t going to give you any cake, and I\m sure I haven\t any. Just sit on that little chair over there and be a good boy. He\s such an interesting child! Oh, you\re going to play auction? Go right ahead with your game, don\t mind us. Willie just adores to see ladies play auction. We\ll just sit here and talk to you while you play. Willie, you mustn\t touch that vase, you\re liable to break it. Vases weren\t made for little boys to play with. Don\t you just adore children, Mrs. Boyer? We will write a custom essay on Willie, The Angelic Child Monologue specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now I think they\re so interesting when they\re Willie\s age. It\s a real charm and education to watch the development of their little minds, the unfolding of the bud, as it were. Yes, he\ll be five in January. Isn\t he remarkable for his age? No, Willie, no! Mamma says no. That\s the dummy, you mustn\t touch the cards. Oh, he\s got them all mixed up. Naughty, naughty Willie. But doesn\t it show just how rapidly his mind is developing? He just adores auctions. Willie, Willie, put that cushion down. Put that cushion right back in the chair. Mrs. Boyer doesn\t like little boys who pull cushions out of chairs. No, no, sonny, you mustn\t talk to the ladies when they are playing auction. It\s so hard to keep him quiet. He talks and talks and talks! He has a positive genius for oratory. Why, only last month he recited a selection at the Sunday school entertainment. His father heard him, and he was the proudest man in town. Right then and there we decided that Willie should be a lawyer, or a st atesman. He recited Little Robin Redbreast and it would have brought tears to your eyes. He\s so emotional. He feels every word he utters. Willie, suppose you recite Little Robin Redbreast for the ladies. Stand right out here in front now. Toes out. Shoulders back. Now, make your bow. Just a moment, Miss Steel, surely you wouldn\t care to go on playing auction when Willie is about to recite! Now, Willie, begin! I\m a little robin redbreast, sir! Go on, petty, speak it out nice and loud. My nest is in the tree, that\s right. Now make your gesture. There\s the tree. Your nest is way up in the tree. Now, go on My nest is in the tree! That\s right, If you look up in yonder elm don\t forget the gesture there, Willie. My pleasant home you\ll see! Now, imitate the little bird. That\s rightskip over there. Willie, look out for the lamp! Now skip back again. Isn\t he a darling? I taught him that skip myself. Now the second verse, Willie. I have a secret I would like the little girls to know. Point to the little girls, Willie. There, isn\t that funny, he pointed right at you, Miss Steel. He thinks you are a little girl. Isn\t he precocious? Go on, now. But I won\t tell a single boy, they rob the poor birds so! Now act pathetic when you say that. Isn\t it wonderful the facial expression he has when he says they rob the poor birds so! Say it over again, Willie, and let Mrs. Boyer see your expression. She was dealing the cards and didn\t see the full emotion in your face. Yes, start from the very first. I\m a little robin redbreast. That\s right. Gesture to the right. Isn\t he graceful? Now the sk ip! Skip fast, Willie. Lift up your feet. Oh, the vase! He\s broken it. Willie, aren\t you ashamed to break Mrs. Boyer\s nice big vase? Come right over here to mamma, she\s got to kiss the naughty hand. You know, Mrs. Boyer, I always kiss his hands when he\s naughty and then he never forgets it. He really has a remarkable memory. He can recite several other pieces just as well as he can Little Robin Redbreast. Suppose you recite Little Orphant Annie for the pretty ladies, Willie. Oh, are you going, Miss Steel? I thought you always played auction all afternoon. Willie, Willie, put that hat down. You\re tearing it. You mustn\t mind him, Miss Steel. He\s only in innocent little baby. I don\t think it is hurt very much. Send it around to the Model and they\ll fix it just as good as new. Good-bye, Miss Steel. Come over and spend the afternoon with me some day. I\ll have Willie dance for you. He can dance the highland fling, and he gives the cutest movie imitations. Good-bye. She\s gone! Now three of you can\t play auction. We\ll just sit here and let Willie entertain us the rest of the afternoon. He\s better than a play!
Saturday, March 21, 2020
The History and Invention of Pottery Of all the kinds of artifacts which may be found at archaeological sites, ceramicsobjects made from fired clayare surely one of the most useful. Ceramic artifacts are extremely durable and may last thousands of years virtually unchanged from the date of manufacture. And, ceramic artifacts, unlike stone tools, are completely person-made, shaped of clay and purposely fired. Clay figurines are known from the earliest human occupations; but clay vessels, pottery vessels used for storing, cooking and serving food, and carrying water were first manufactured in China at least 20,000 years ago. Yuchanyan and Xianrendong Caves Recently redated ceramic sherds from the Paleolithic/Neolithic cave site of Xianrendong in the Yangtse Basin of central China in Jiangxi province hold the earliest established dates, at 19,200-20,900 cal BP years ago. These pots were bag-shaped and coarse-pasted, made of local clay with inclusions of quartz and feldspar, with plain or simply decorated walls. The second oldest pottery in the world is from Hunan Province, at the karst cave of Yuchanyan. In sediments dated between 15,430 and 18,300 calendar years before the present (cal BP) were found sherds from at least two pots. One was partially constructed, and it was a wide-mouthed jar with a pointed bottom that looks very much like the Incipient Jomon pot illustrated in the photograph and about 5,000 years younger. The Yuchanyan sherds are thick (up to 2 cm) and coarsely pasted, and decorated with cord-marks on the interior and exterior walls. The Kamino Site in Japan The next earliest sherds are from the Kamino site in southwestern Japan. This site has a stone tool assemblage which appears to classify it as late Paleolithic, called Pre-ceramic in Japanese archaeology to separate it from the Lower Paleolithic cultures of Europe and the mainland. At the Kamino site in addition to a handful of potsherds were found micro blades, wedge-shaped microcores, spearheads and other artifacts similar to assemblages at Pre-ceramic sites in Japan dated between 14,000 and 16,000 years before the present (BP). This layer is stratigraphically below a securely dated Initial Jomon culture occupation of 12,000 BP. The ceramic sherds are not decorated and are very small and fragmentary. Recent thermoluminescence dating of the sherds themselves returned a 13,000-12,000 BP date. Jomon Culture Sites Ceramic sherds are also found, also in small quantities, but with a bean-impression decoration, in a half-dozen sites of the Mikoshiba-Chojukado sites of southwestern Japan, also dated to the late Pre-ceramic period. These pots are bag-shaped but somewhat pointed at the bottom, and sites with these sherds include the Odaiyamamoto and Ushirono sites, and Senpukuji Cave. Like those of the Kamino site, these sherds are also quite rare, suggesting that although the technology was known to the Late Pre-ceramic cultures, it just was not terribly useful to their nomadic lifestyle. In contrast, ceramics were very useful indeed to the Jomon peoples. In Japanese, the word Jomon means cord-mark, as in cord-marked decoration on pottery. The Jomon tradition is the name given to hunter-gatherer cultures in Japan from about 13,000 to 2500 BP, when migrating populations from the mainland brought full-time wet rice agriculture. For the entire ten millennia, the Jomon peoples used ceramic vessels for storage and cooking. Incipient Jomon ceramics are identified by patterns of lines applied onto a bag-shaped vessel. Later, as on the mainland, highly decorated vessels were also manufactured by the Jomon peoples. By 10,000 BP, the use of ceramics is found throughout mainland China, and by 5,000 BP ceramic vessels are found throughout the world, both independently invented in the Americas or spread by diffusion into the middle eastern Neolithic cultures. Porcelain and High-Fired Ceramics The first high-fired glazed ceramics were produced in China, during theÃ ShangÃ (1700-1027 BC) dynasty period. At sites such as Yinxu and Erligang, high-fired ceramics appear in the 13th-17th centuries BC. These pots were made from a local clay, washed with wood ash and fired in kilns to temperatures of between 1200 and 1225 degrees Centigrade to produce a high fired lime-based glaze. Shang and Zhou dynasty potters continued to refine the technique, testing different clays and washes, eventually leading to the development of true porcelain. See Yin, Rehren and Zheng 2011. By the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907), the first mass pottery manufacturing kilns were begun at the imperialÃ JingdezhenÃ site, and the beginning of export trade of Chinese porcelain to the rest of the world opened up.Ã Sources Boaretto E, Wu X, Yuan J, Bar-Yosef O, Chu V, Pan Y, Liu K, Cohen D, Jiao T, Li S et al. 2009. Radiocarbon dating of charcoal and bone collagen associated with early pottery at Yuchanyan Cave, Hunan Province, China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106(24):9595-9600. Chi Z, and Hung H-C. 2008. The Neolithic of Southern ChinaÃ¢â¬âOrigin, Development, and Dispersal. Asian Perspectives 47(2):299-329. Cui J, Rehren T, Lei Y, Cheng X, Jiang J, and Wu X. 2010. Western technical traditions of pottery making in Tang Dynasty China: chemical evidence from the Liquanfang Kiln site, Xian city. Journal of Archaeological Science 37(7):1502-1509. Cui JF, Lei Y, Jin ZB, Huang BL, and Wu XH. 2009. Lead Isotope Analysis Of Tang Sancai Pottery Glazes From Gongyi Kiln, Henan Province And Huangbao Kiln, Shaanxi Province. Archaeometry 52(4):597-604. Demeter F, Sayavongkhamdy T, Patole-Edoumba E, Coupey A-S, Bacon A-M, De Vos J, Tougard C, Bouasisengpaseuth B, Sichanthongtip P, and Duringer P. 2009. Tam Hang Rockshelter: Preliminary Study of a Prehistoric Site in Northern Laos. Asian Perspectives 48(2):291-308. Liu L, Chen X, and Li B. 2007. Non-state crafts in the early Chinese state: an archaeological view from the Erlitou hinterland. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 27:93-102. Lu TL-D. 2011. Early pottery in south China. Asian Perspectives 49(1):1-42. MÃ ©ry S, Anderson P, Inizan M-L, Lechevallier, Monique, and Pelegrin J. 2007. A pottery workshop with flint tools on blades knapped with copper at Nausharo (Indus Journal of Archaeological Science 34:1098-1116.civilisation, ca. 2500 BC). Prendergast ME, Yuan J, and Bar-Yosef O. 2009. Resource intensification in the Late Upper Paleolithic: a view from southern China. Journal of Archaeological Science 36(4):1027-1037. Shennan SJ, and Wilkinson JR. 2001. Ceramic Style Change and Neutral Evolution: A Case Study from Neolithic Europe. American Antiquity 66(4):5477-5594. Wang W-M, Ding J-L, Shu J-W, and Chen W. 2010. Exploration of early rice farming in China. Quaternary International 227(1):22-28. Yang X-Y, Kadereit A, Wagner GA, Wagner I, and Zhang J-Z. 2005. TL and IRSL dating of Jiahu relics and sediments: clue of 7th millennium BC civilization in central China. Journal of Archaeological Science 32(7):1045-1051. Yin M, Rehren T, and Zheng J. 2011. The earliest high-fired glazed ceramics in China: the composition of the proto-porcelain from Zhejiang during the Shang and Zhou periods (c. 1700-221 BC). Journal of Archaeological Science 38(9):2352-2365.
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
Definition and Examples of Adages in English An adage is an ancient saying or maxim, brief and sometimes mysterious, that has become accepted as conventional wisdom. In classical rhetoric, an adage is also known as a rhetorical proverb orÃ paroemia. An adage- such as The early bird gets the worm- is a condensed and memorable expression. Often its a type of metaphor.It is sometimes claimed that theÃ expression old adageÃ is redundant, say the editors of the American Heritage Guide to Contemporary Usage and Style,inasmuch as a saying must have a certain tradition behind it to count as an adage in the first place. But the word adageÃ [from the Latin for I say] is first recorded in the phrase old adage, showing that this redundancy is itself very old. Pronunciation:Ã AD-ij Examples Know thyself.Alls well that ends well.Out of nothing, nothing can come.Art lies in concealing the art.From flowers, bees make honey and spiders poison.A stitch in time saves nine.Not quantity, but quality.Make haste slowly.Physician, heal thyself.Respect thyself, if thou wouldst be respected by others.The people reign, the elite rule.Knowledge equals power.Love conquers all.If you want peace, prepare for war.Who will guard the guards?What hurts us instructs us.Whom the gods destroy they first make mad.Give your child to a slave, and instead of one slave you will have two.A great city is a great solitude.Carpe diem. (Seize the day.)Be mindful of dying.Better late than never.The squeaky wheel gets the grease. Adages and Cultural Values [C]onsider the cultural values that adages, or common sayings, express. What is meant by the American saying, Every man for himself? Does it reflect the idea that men, and not women, are the standard? Does it reflect individualism as a value? What is meant by The early bird catches the worm?Distinct values are expressed in adages from other cultures. What values are expressed in the Mexican proverb, He who lives a hurried life will soon die? How is this view of time different from dominant views of time in the United States? In Africa, two popular adages are The child has no owner and It takes a whole village to raise a child, and in China a common saying is No need to know the person, only the family (Samovar Porter, 2000). A Japanese adage states that it is the nail that sticks out that gets hammered down (Gudykunst Lee, 2002). What values are expressed by these sayings? How are they different from mainstream Western values and the language that embodies them?(Julia T. Wood, Interpersonal Communication: Everyday Encounters, 7th ed. Wadsworth, 2013) Tools of Persuasion As indirect tools of persuasion, adages are understandably attractive to people who judge direct confrontation and criticism inappropriate in many contexts.(Ann Fienup-Riordan, Wise Words of the Yupik People. University of Nebraska Press, 2005) Age as a Part of Adage Dictionaries (with a single exception) affirm in one way or another that an adage is a long-established saying; therefore the old [in the expression old adage] is redundant. Incidentally, an expression that someone thought up yesterday is not an adage. To put it another wayand this is obviousage is a part of adage. (Theodore M. Bernstein, The Careful Writer: A Modern Guide to English Usage. Simon Schuster, 1965) Safire on Adages Those of us who enjoy living in synonymy know that an adage is not quite as graven in collective wisdom as a proverb or a maxim; it is not as legalistic as a dictum or as scientific as an axiom or as sentimental as a homily or as corny as a saw, nor as formalized as a motto, but it is more rooted in tradition than an observation. (William Safire, Spread the Word. Times Books, 1999) The Adagia (Adages) of Desiderius Erasmus (1500; rev. 1508 and 1536) Erasmus was an avid collector of proverbs and aphorisms. He compiled all the expressions he could find in the works of the classical Greek and Latin authors he loved, and provided a brief history and explication for each one. When I considered the important contributions made to elegance and richness of style by brilliant aphorisms, apt metaphors, proverbs, and similar figures of speech, I made up my mind to collect the largest possible supply of such things. he wrote. So in addition to Know thyself, readers of Erasmuss Adages are treated to pithy accounts of the origins of such expressions as to leave no stone unturned, to cry crocodile tears, no sooner said than done, clothes make the man, and everyone thinks his own fart smells sweet. Erasmus added to and revised the book throughout his life, and by the time he died in 1536 he had collected and explained 4,151 proverbs. Erasmus intended the book to be a Bartletts Familiar Quotations for 16th-century after-dinner speakers: a resource for writers and public orators who wanted to spice up their speeches with well-placed quotes from the classics. (James Geary, The World in a Phrase: A Brief History of the Aphorism. Bloomsbury USA, 2005) Many hands make light work.Put the cart before the horseWalk the tightropeCall a spade a spadeBetween friends all is common.To die laughingLike father, like sonThe project of the Adages, like many manuals published in the 16th century, was to harvest all possible vestiges of antiquity and put them at the disposal of scholars. In this particular case, Erasmus sought to collect and explain proverbs, aphorisms, Ã¯ ¬ gurative expressions, all sorts of more or less enigmatic sayings. . . . An adage is like a bud that contains the latent promise of a flower, an enigmatic expression, a mystery to unravel. The ancients veiled their messages, deposited clues to their culture in their language; they wrote in code. The modern reader breaks the code, opens the coffers, takes out the secrets and publishes them, even at the risk of altering their force. The author of Adages [Erasmus] acted as an intermediary, made a profession of displaying and multiplying. So it was normal that his book, both cornucopia and organ of distribution, would operate with centrifugal dynamics. (Michel Jeanneret, Perpetual Motion: Transforming Shapes in the Renaissance from Da Vinci to Montaigne, 1997. Translated by Nidra Poller. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001) The Lighter Side of Adages: George Burns and Gracie Allen Special Agent Timothy McGee: I think its time you get back on that horse.Special Agent Ziva David: Youre getting a pony?Special Agent Timothy McGee: Its an adage.Special Agent Ziva David: I am not familiar with that breed.(Sean Murray and Cote de Pablo in Identity Crisis. NCIS, 2007)
Monday, February 17, 2020
Who is responsible for the Great Depression - Essay Example (Heinrichs, 2012) Whether this was unprecedented or not, it is undeniable that great depression affected the world. It never practiced discretion; it affected both individual and companies. This paper holds that there are a number of factors that were responsible for the recession that affected the globe. This paper refutes the notion that has been put by other economists that President Hebert Hoover was responsible for the economic recession and its impacts. The economic crisis of 1930 is attributed to a myriad of intertwined complex factors. One of the common factors that is that there was over speculation in the stock market that was not regulated by the responsible authorities. The American stock market fell in 1929 and is often regarded as one of the great reasons of depression. The crash was preceded with period when the people of America discovered the stock market. The crash resulted into a serious loss of the individual and companies investments. Investors were left shaken given that the stock market brought a lot of excitement that drove most people to put their money into the economy. People were completed shattered when the banks erased the savings by the people including those who had not injected in the stock market. Despite the fact that recession was unavoidable, better policies and regulations could have been applied to avoid the failure by the banks. (Canterbery, 2011) The fed in 1929 took what economists regard as unprecedented move by cutting the supply of money by almost a third. The reaction literally chokes off any possibility of recovery. A myriad of banks in the country therefore suffered the problem of liquidity. The reaction of failing to bail out banks was regarded as harsh and did not help in addressing recession in the country. The similar effect was faced by the market in 1907 when the panic of selling sent the